THE POST-PANDEMIC CHALLENGE: DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN VIETNAM
Corresponding Author(s) : Bui Huynh Nguyen
UED Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education,
Vol. 11 No. 1 (2021): UED Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education (UED-JSHE)
The world is facing a severe pandemic that has made millions of students who are experiencing depression and anxiety with their study abroad search for alternatives. One possible solution lies in transnational education programmes that provide high-quality education for students who would like to receive a foreign qualification without leaving their hometown. Transnational education, albeit quite popular all over the world, has been much less known in Vietnam. Therefore, this paper aims to provide a better understanding of transnational education programmes and suggests further research possibilities for the development of transnational education in Vietnam in the post-pandemic period of COVID-19. In theory, this study proposes future research orientation of development trends of transnational education programmes in Vietnam before and after the pandemic. In practice, the research provides measures to be taken for high-rank managers of transnational education providers regarding how to deal with this challenging situation.
Download CitationEndnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS)
- Alam, F., Alam, Q., Chowdhury, H., & Steiner, T. (2013). Transnational education: Benefits, threats and challenges. Procedia Engineering, 56, 870–874. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.03.209
- Altbach, P. G., & Knight, J. (2007). The internationalization of higher education: Motivations and realities. Journal of Studies in International Education, 11(3–4), 290–305. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315307303542
- Bannier, B. J. (2016). Global trends in transnational education. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 6(1), 80–84. https://doi.org/10.7763/IJIET.2016.V6.663
- Beckstein, A. (2020). How are international students coping with the Covid-19 pandemic? Student. https://www.timeshighereducation.com/student/blogs/how-are-international-students-coping-covid-19-pandemic
- BMI. (2020). Market report – vietnam – education. https://bmiglobaled.com/Market-Reports/Vietnam/education, https://bmiglobaled.com/product-page-vietnam-event-description/
- British Council. (2013). The Shape of Things to Come: The Evolution of Transnational Education: Data, Definitions, Opportunities and Impacts Analysis.
- Chen, P.-Y. (2015). University’s transnational expansion: Its meaning, rationales and implications. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 171, 1420–1427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.263
- Council of Europe. (2002). Code of good practice in the provision of transnational education. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
- Creswell, J. W. (1994). Research design: Qualitative & quantitative approaches. Sage Publications.
- Department for Business, Innovation & Skills. (2014). National strategy for access and student success in higher education.
- EduWorld & AFG Venture Group. (2013). International Development Research Project.
- Gu, J. (2009). Transnational education: Current developments and policy implications. Frontiers of Education in China, 4(4), 624–649. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11516-009-0033-y
- Gutterer, J. (2020). The impact of covid-19 on international students perceptions. Studyportals. https://studyportals.com/intelligence/the-impact-of-covid-19-on-international-students-perceptions/
- Huang, F. (2003). Transnational higher education: A perspective from china. Higher Education Research & Development, 22(2), 193–203. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360304114
- Ha Phuong. (2016). Du học sinh Việt Nam ở Nhật đông nhất. VietNamNet. https://vietnamnet.vn/vn/giao-duc/du-hoc/du-hoc-nhat-ban-du-hoc-my-du-hoc-sinh-viet-nam-dong-nhat-o-nhat-337144.html
- International Consultants for Education and Fairs (ICEF) Monitor. (2014). Number of Vietnamese Students Abroad Up 15% in 2013. http://monitor .icef.com/2014/11/number-vietnamese-students-abroad-15-2013/
- Jean-François, E., Avoseh, M. B. M., & Griswold, W. (2016). Perspectives in transnational higher education.
- Johnson, J. M. (2001). In-depth interviewing. In J. Gubrium & J. Holstein, Handbook of Interview Research (pp. 103–119). SAGE Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412973588.n8
- Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (2000). The only generalization is: There is no generalization - Sage research methods. http://methods.sagepub. com/book/case-study-method/d6.xml
- Mai Lan. (2020). Many returning students want to study at domestic schools. VietNamNet. https://vietnamnet.vn/en/society/many-returning-students-want-to-study-at-domestic-schools-659987.html
- McNamara Economic Research (MCER). (2014). Exploring the impacts of transnational education on host countries: A pilot study.
- McNamara, J., & Knight, D. J. (2015). Transnational Education Data Collection Systems: Awareness, Analysis, Action.
- Migration Advisory Committee. (2018). Impact of international students in the UK: Call for evidence responses (2 of 3). https://assets.publishing. service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/739093/Impact_intl_students_CfE_2of3.pdf
- Ministry of Education and Training. (2012). Decree No. 73/2012/ND-CP, 2012. http://vbqppl.mpi.gov.vn/en-us/Pages/default.aspx?itemId=555fcf71-a271-4b80-aaec-0a38b21bfe19&list=documentDetail
- Ministry of Education and Training. (2008). Phê duyệt đề án “Đào tạo chương trình tiên tiến tại một số trường đại học Việt Nam, giai đoạn 2008-2015”.
- Ngoc Hoang. (2020). RMIT helps students continue overseas degrees amid COVID-19. https://www.rmit.edu.vn/news/all-news/2020/aug/ rmit-helps-students-continue-overseas-degrees-amid-COVID-19
- Pham, C., & Le, T. (2020). Education in vietnam: Opportunities and challenges. Vietnam Briefing News. https://www.vietnam-briefing.com/news/ education-in-vietnam-opportunities-and-challenges.html/
- Phung, N. P., Higson, H., & Bartholomew, P. (2016). The Importance of Innovation in the Development of Transnational Education (TNE) From The UK to Vietnam. Discussion, Insight and the Latest Thinking in Innovation. UK-ASEAN Innovation Conference (UAIC), Vientiane, Laos.
- Pitman, J. (2016). International student numbers have been plummeting for years. Now what? http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/2016/jul/14/international-student-numbers-have-been-plummeting-for-years-now-what?
- Ramos, E., & Wake, D. (2019). The scale of UK higher education transnational education 2017-18.
- Robson, C. (2011). Real world research: A resource for users of social research methods in applied settings (3. ed). Wiley.
- Sanderson, P. (2019). Transnational education: Growth, innovation and development—Ahua. https://www.ahua.ac.uk/transnational-education-growth-innovation-and-development/
- Thuy Linh. (2017). Bức tranh toàn cảnh về nền giáo dục đại học ở Việt Nam những năm qua. https://giaoduc.net.vn/giao-duc-24h/buc-tranh-toan-canh-ve-nen-giao-duc-dai-hoc-o-viet-nam-nhung-nam-qua-post178936.gd
- The Quality Assurance Agency (QAA). (2021). The Quality Evaluation and Enhancement of UK Transnational Higher Education (TNE) Provision 2021–22 To 2025–26. https://www.qaa.ac.uk/international/transnational-education?fbclid=IwA R2BWpePTNlxBKWOB3OtLiU8vp54lt5nQFOTdwhtRltLMx0ziYCarMCaVQ
- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), & Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (2005). Guidelines for Quality Provision in Cross-border Higher Education.
- Trading Economics. (2020). Vietnam GDP per capita PPP. https://tradingeconomics.com/vietnam/gdp-per-capita-ppp
- Weiss, R. S. (1995). Learning from strangers: The art and method of qualitative interview studies (First Free Press paperback ed). Free Press.
- Yang, R. (2008). Transnational higher education in china: Contexts, characteristics and concerns. Australian Journal of Education, 52(3), 272–286. https://doi.org/10.1177/000494410805200305